99-35 Kurlberg P., Rudnick Z.
Eigenfunctions of the Quantized Cat Map (87K, LATeX 2e) Jan 28, 99
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Abstract. We study semi-classical limits of eigenfunctions of a quantized linear hyperbolic automorphism of the torus (``cat map''). For some values of Planck's constant, the spectrum of the quantized map has large degeneracies. Our first goal in this paper is to show that these degeneracies are coupled to the existence of {\em quantum symmetries}. There is a commutative group of unitary operators on the state-space which commute with the quantized map and therefore act on its eigenspaces. We call these ``Hecke operators'', in analogy with the setting of the modular surface. We call the eigenstates of both the quantized map and of all the Hecke operators ``Hecke eigenfunctions''. Our second goal is to study the semiclassical limit of the Hecke eigenfunctions. We will show that they become equidistributed with respect to Liouville measure, that is the expectation values of quantum observables in these eigenstates converge to the classical phase-space average of the observable.

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