99-235 Jacob Palis
A global view of Dynamics and a conjecture on the denseness of the finitude of attractors (89K, LaTeX2e with two SMF style files) Jun 17, 99
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Abstract. A view on dissipative dynamics, i.e. flows, diffeomorphisms, and transformations in general of a compact boundaryless manifold or the interval is presented here, including several recent results, open problems and conjectures. It culminates with a conjecture on the denseness of systems having only finitely many attractors, the attractors being sensitive to initial conditions (chaotic) or just periodic sinks and the union of their basins of attraction having total probability. Moreover, the attractors should be stochastically stable in their basins of attraction. This formulation, dating from early 1995, sets the scenario for the understanding of most nearby systems in parametrized form. It can be considered as a probabilistic version of the once considered possible existence of an open and dense subset of systems with dynamically stable structures, a dream of the sixties that evaporated by the end of that decade. The collapse of such a previous conjecture excluded the case of one dimensional dynamics: it is true at least for real quadratic maps of the interval as shown independently by Swiatek, with the help of Graczyk [GS], and Lyubich [Ly1] a few years ago. Recently, Kozlovski [Ko] announced the same result for $C^3$ unimodal mappings, in a meeting at IMPA. Actually, for one-dimensional real or complex dynamics, our main conjecture goes even further: for most values of parameters, the corresponding dynamical system displays finitely many attractors which are periodic sinks or carry an absolutely continuous invariant probability measure. Remarkably, Lyubich [Ly2] has just proved this for the family of real quadratic maps of the interval, with the help of Martens and Nowicki [MN]. This work was accepted for publication in Ast\'erisque about two years ago. It is expected to appear by the end of the present year.

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