94-310 Jorba A., Simo C.
On Quasiperiodic Perturbations of Elliptic Equilibrium Points (107K, LaTeX) Oct 10, 94
Abstract , Paper (src), View paper (auto. generated ps), Index of related papers

Abstract. In this work we study quasiperiodic time-dependent perturbations of ordinary differential equations near elliptic equilibrium points, that is, equations like $$ \dot{x}=(A+\varepsilon Q(t,\varepsilon))x+\varepsilon g(t,\varepsilon)+ h(x,t,\varepsilon), $$ where $A$ is elliptic and $h$ is ${\cal O}(x^2)$. Our results show that, under suitable hypothesis of analyticity, nonresonance and nondegeneracy with respect to $\varepsilon$, there exists a Cantorian set ${\cal E}$ such that for all $\varepsilon\in{\cal E}$ there exists a quasiperiodic solution such that it goes to zero when $\varepsilon$ does. This quasiperiodic solution has the same set of basic frequencies as the perturbation. Moreover, the relative measure of the set $[0,\,\varepsilon_0]\setminus{\cal E}$ in $[0,\,\varepsilon_0]$ is exponentially small in $\varepsilon_0$. The case $g\equiv 0$, $h\equiv 0$ (quasiperiodic Floquet theorem) is also considered. Finally, the Hamiltonian case is studied. In this situation, most of the invariant tori that are near the equilibrium point are not destroyed, but only slightly deformed and ``shaken" in a quasiperiodic way. This quasiperiodic ``shaking" has the same basic frequencies as the perturbation.

Files: 94-310.tex