93-152 Andras Suto
Percolation transition in the Bose gas (61K, LateX) May 26, 93
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Abstract. The canonical partition function of a Bose gas gives rise to a probability distribution over the permutations of $N$ particles. We study the probability and mean value of the cycle lengths in the cyclic permutations, their relation to physical quantities like pair correlations, and their thermodynamic limit. We show that in the ground state of most interacting boson gas the mean cycle length diverges in the bulk limit and the particles form macroscopic cycles. In the free Bose gas Bose-Einstein condensation is accompanied by a percolation transition: the appearance of infinite cycles with nonvanishing probability.

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