 2283 Pavel Exner. Sylwia Kondej, Vladimir Lotoreichik
 Bound states of weakly deformed soft waveguides
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Dec 27, 22

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Abstract. In this paper we consider the twodimensional Schr\"odinger operator with an attractive potential which is a multiple of the characteristic function of an unbounded stripshaped region, whose thickness is varying and is determined by the function $\mathbb{R}
i x \mapsto d+arepsilon f(x)$, where $d > 0$ is a constant, $arepsilon > 0$ is a small parameter, and $f$ is a compactly supported continuous function. We prove that if $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f \,\mathsf{d} x > 0$, then the respective Schr\"odinger operator has a unique simple eigenvalue below the threshold of the essential spectrum for all sufficiently small $arepsilon >0$ and we obtain the asymptotic expansion of this eigenvalue in the regime $arepsilon
ightarrow 0$. An asymptotic expansion of the respective eigenfunction as $arepsilon
ightarrow 0$ is also obtained. In the case that $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f \,\mathsf{d} x < 0$ we prove that the discrete spectrum is empty for all sufficiently small $arepsilon > 0$. In the critical case $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f \,\mathsf{d} x = 0$, we derive a sufficient condition for the existence of a unique bound state for all sufficiently small $arepsilon > 0$.
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