22-83 Pavel Exner. Sylwia Kondej, Vladimir Lotoreichik
Bound states of weakly deformed soft waveguides (857K, pdf) Dec 27, 22
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Abstract. In this paper we consider the two-dimensional Schr\"odinger operator with an attractive potential which is a multiple of the characteristic function of an unbounded strip-shaped region, whose thickness is varying and is determined by the function $\mathbb{R} i x \mapsto d+ arepsilon f(x)$, where $d > 0$ is a constant, $ arepsilon > 0$ is a small parameter, and $f$ is a compactly supported continuous function. We prove that if $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f \,\mathsf{d} x > 0$, then the respective Schr\"odinger operator has a unique simple eigenvalue below the threshold of the essential spectrum for all sufficiently small $ arepsilon >0$ and we obtain the asymptotic expansion of this eigenvalue in the regime $ arepsilon ightarrow 0$. An asymptotic expansion of the respective eigenfunction as $ arepsilon ightarrow 0$ is also obtained. In the case that $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f \,\mathsf{d} x < 0$ we prove that the discrete spectrum is empty for all sufficiently small $ arepsilon > 0$. In the critical case $\int_{\mathbb{R}} f \,\mathsf{d} x = 0$, we derive a sufficient condition for the existence of a unique bound state for all sufficiently small $ arepsilon > 0$.

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