21-47 Pavel Exner
Soft quantum waveguides in three dimensions (225K, pdf) Aug 30, 21
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Abstract. We discuss a three-dimensional soft quantum waveguide, in other words, Schr\"odinger operator in $\R^3$ with an attractive potential supported by an infinite tube and keeping its transverse profile fixed. We show that if the tube is asymptotically straight, the distance between its ends is unbounded, and its twist satisfies the so-called Tang condition, the esential spectrum is not affected by smooth bends. Furthermore, we derive a sufficient condition, expressed in terms of the tube geometry, for the discrete spectrum of such an operator to be nonempty.

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