 2060 J.B. Bru, W. de Siqueira Pedra, A. Ratsimanetrimanana
 Quantum Fluctuations and Large Deviation Principle for Microscopic Currents of Free Fermions in Disordered Media
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Aug 3, 20

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Abstract. We contribute an extension of largedeviation results obtained in [N.J.B. Aza, J.B. Bru, W. de Siqueira Pedra, A. Ratsimanetrimanana, J. Math. Pures Appl. 125 (2019) 209] on conductivity theory at atomic scale of free lattice fermions in disordered media. Disorder is modeled by (i) a random external potential, like in the celebrated Anderson model, and (ii) a nearestneighbor hopping term with random complexvalued amplitudes. In accordance with experimental observations, via the large deviation formalism, our previous paper showed in this case that quantum uncertainty of microscopic electric current densities around their (classical) macroscopic value is suppressed, exponentially fast with
respect to the volume of the region of the lattice where an external electric eld is applied. Here, the quantum fluctuations of linear response currents are shown to exist in the thermodynamic limit and we mathematically prove that they are related to the rate function
of the large deviation principle associated with current densities. We also demonstrate that, in general, they do not vanish (in the thermodynamic limit) and the quantum uncertainty around the macroscopic current density disappears exponentially fast with an exponential rate proportional to the squared deviation of the current from its macroscopic value and the inverse current fluctuation, with respect to growing space (volume) scales.
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