- 11-114 Federico Bonetto, Nikolay Chernov, Alexey Korepanov, Joel L. Lebowitz
- Spatial Structure of Stationary Nonequilibrium States in the Thermostatted Periodic Lorentz Gas.
(330K, latex with 9 eps figures)
Aug 12, 11
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We investigate analytically and numerically the spatial structure of the non-equilibrium stationary states (NESS) of a point particle moving in a two dimensional periodic Lorentz gas (Sinai Billiard). The particle is subject to a constant external electric ﬁeld E as well as a Gaussian thermostat which keeps the speed |v| constant. We show that despite the singular nature of the SRB measure its projections on the space coordinates are absolutely continuous. We further show that these projections satisfy linear response laws for small E. Some of them are computed numerically. We compare these results with those obtained from simple models in which the collisions with the obstacles are replaced by random collisions.Similarities and differences are noted.