09-73 Narcisa Apreutesei, Nicholas Bessonov, Vitaly Volpert, Vitali Vougalter
Spatial structures and generalized travelling waves for an integro-differential equation (525K, pdf) May 11, 09
Abstract , Paper (src), View paper (auto. generated pdf), Index of related papers

Abstract. Some models in population dynamics with intra-specific competition lead to integro-differential equations where the integral term corresponds to nonlocal consumption of resources. The principal difference of such equations in comparison with traditional reaction- diffusion equation is that homogeneous in space solutions can lose their stability resulting in emergence of spatial and spatio-temporal structures. We study the existence and global bifurcations of such structures. In the case of unbounded domains, transition between stationary solutions can be observed resulting in propagation of generalized travelling waves (GTW). GTWs were introduced for reaction- diffusion systems as global in time propagating solutions. In this work their existence and properties are studied for the integro- differential equation. Similar to the reaction-diffusion equation in the monostable case, we prove the existence of generalized travelling waves for all values of the speed greater or equal to the minimal one. We illustrate these results by numerical simulations in one and two space dimensions and observe a variety of structures of GTWs.

Files: 09-73.src( 09-73.keywords , abvv.pdf.mm )