09-7 P. Exner, M. Fraas
On geometric perturbations of critical Schr\"odinger operators with a surface interaction (42K, LaTeX 2e) Jan 9, 09
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Abstract. We study singular Schr\"odinger operators with an attractive interaction supported by a closed smooth surface $\man A\subset\mathbb{R}^3$ and analyze their behavior in the vicinity of the critical situation where such an operator has empty discrete spectrum and a threshold resonance. In particular, we show that if $\man A$ is a sphere and the critical coupling is constant over it, any sufficiently small smooth area preserving radial deformation gives rise to isolated eigenvalues. On the other hand, the discrete spectrum may be empty for general deformations. We also derive a related inequality for capacities associated with such surfaces.

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