09-54 Claude Bardos,Isabelle Catto, Norbert Mauser and Saber Trabelsi
Setting and analysis of the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock equations (645K, pdf) Mar 25, 09
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Abstract. In this paper we motivate, formulate and analyze the Multi-Confi\-gu\-ration Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) equations for molecular systems under Coulomb interaction. They consist in approximating the $N$-particle Schr\"{o}dinger wavefunction by a (time-dependent) linear combination of (time-dependent) Slater determinants. The equations of motion express as a system of ordinary differential equations for the expansion coefficients coupled to nonlinear Schr\"{o}dinger-type equations for mono-electronic wavefunctions. The invertibility of the one-body density matrix (full-rank hypothesis) plays a crucial r\^ole in the analysis. Under the full-rank assumption a fiber bundle structure shows up and produces unitary equivalence between convenient representations of the equations. We discuss and establish existence and uniqueness of maximal solutions to the Cauchy problem in the energy space as long as the density matrix is not singular. A sufficient condition in terms of the energy of the initial data ensuring the global-in-time invertibility is provided (first result in this direction). Regularizing the density matrix breaks down energy conservation, however a global well-posedness for this system in $L^2$ is obtained with Strichartz estimates. Eventually solutions to this regularized system are shown to converge to the original one on the time interval when the density matrix is invertible.

Files: 09-54.src( 09-54.keywords , MCTDHF-v11.pdf.mm )