07-97 J. Froehlich and A. Pizzo
On the Absence of Excites Eigenstates of Atoms in QED (370K, pdf) Apr 22, 07
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Abstract. For the standard model of QED with static nuclei, nonrelativistic electrons and an ultraviolet cutoff, a new simple proof of absence of excited eigenstates with energies above the groundstate energy and below the ionization threshold of an atom is presented. Our proof is based on a multi-scale virial argument and exploits the fact that, in perturbation theory, excited atomic states decay by emission of one or two photons. Our arguments do not require an infrared cutoff (or regularization) and are applicable for all energies above the groundstate energy, except in a small (alpha-dependent) interval around the ionization threshold.

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