06-289 Fritz Gesztesy and Vadim Tkachenko
A Criterion for Hill Operators to be Spectral Operators of Scalar Type (176K, LaTeX) Oct 16, 06
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Abstract. We derive necessary and sufficient conditions for a Hill operator (i.e., a one-dimensional periodic Schr\"odinger operator) $H=-d^2/dx^2+V$ to be a spectral operator of scalar type. The conditions show the remarkable fact that the property of a Hill operator being a spectral operator is independent of smoothness (or even analyticity) properties of the potential $V$. In the course of our analysis we also establish a functional model for periodic Schr\"odinger operators that are spectral operators of scalar type and develop the corresponding eigenfunction expansion. The problem of deciding which Hill operators are spectral operators of scalar type appears to have been open for about 40 years.

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