 05426 Riccardo Adami, Rodolfo Figari, Domenico Finco, Alessandro Teta
 On the asymptotic dynamics of a quantum system composed by heavy and
light particles
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Dec 19, 05

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Abstract. We consider a non relativistic quantum system consisting of K heavy and
N light particles in dimension three, where each heavy particle interacts
with the light ones via a twobody potential \alpha V. No interaction is
assumed among particles of the same kind.
Choosing an initial state in a product form and assuming \alpha
sufficiently small we characterize the asymptotic dynamics of the system
in the limit of small mass ratio, with an explicit control of the error.
In the case K=1 the result is extended to arbitrary \alpha.
The proof relies on a perturbative analysis and exploits a generalized
version of the standard dispersive estimates for the Schroedinger group.
Exploiting the asymptotic formula, it is also outlined an application to
the problem of the decoherence effect produced on a heavy particle by the
interaction with the light ones.
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