05-19 W.K. Abou-Salem, J. Froehlich
Adiabatic Theorems and Reversible Isothermal Processes (252K, Postscript) Jan 14, 05
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Abstract. Reversible isothermal processes of a finitely extended, driven quantum system in contact with an infinite heat bath are studied from the point of view of quantum statistical mechanics. Notions like heat flux, work and entropy are defined for trajectories of states close to, but distinct from states of joint thermal equilibrium. A theorem characterizing reversible isothermal processes as quasi-static processes ("isothermal theorem") is described. Corollaries concerning the changes of entropy and free energy in reversible isothermal processes and on the 0th law of thermodynamics are outlined.

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