 05126 Asao Arai
 Generalized Weak Weyl Relation and Decay of Quantum Dynamics
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Apr 8, 05

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Abstract. Let $H$ be a selfadjoint operator on a Hilbert space ${\cal H}$,
$T$ be a symmetric operator on ${\cal H}$ and $K(t)$ ($t\in \R$) be a
bounded selfadjoint operator on ${\cal H}$.
We say that $(T,H,K)$ obeys the {\it generalized weak Weyl relation} (GWWR)
if $e^{itH}D(T) \subset D(T)$ for all $t \in \R$ and
$Te^{itH}\psi=e^{itH}(T+K(t))\psi, \forall \psi \in D(T)$ (
$D(T)$ denotes the domain of $T$).
In the context of quantum mechanics where $H$ is the Hamiltonian
of a quantum system, we call $T$ a {\it generalized time opeartor} of $H$.
We first investigate, in an abstract framework, mathematical structures and
properties of triples $(T,H,K)$ obeying the GWWR.
These include the absolute continuity
of the spectrum of $H$ restricted to a closed subspace of ${\cal H}$,
an uncertainty relation between $H$ and $T$ (a
\lq\lq{timeenergy uncertainty relation}"),
the decay property of transition probabilities $\left\lang \psi,e^{itH}\phi\rang
\right^2$ as $t \to \infty$
for all vectors $\psi$ and $\phi$
in a subspace of ${\cal H}$.
We describe methods to construct various examples of triples $(T,H,K)$
obeying the GWWR.
In particular we show that there exist generalized time operators
of second quantization operators on Fock spaces (full Fock spaces,
boson Fock spaces, fermion Fock spaces) which may have
applications to quantum field models with interactions.
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