- 03-447 Marek Biskup, Lincoln Chayes and Steven A. Kivelson
- Order by disorder, without order, in a two-dimensional spin system with O(2) symmetry
Sep 30, 03
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Abstract. We present a rigorous proof of an ordering transition for a two-component two-dimensional antiferromagnet with nearest and next-nearest neighbor interactions. The low-temperature phase contains two states distinguish by local order among columns or, respectively, rows. Overall, there is no magnetic order in accord with the classic Mermin-Wagner theorem. The method of proof employs a rigorous version of "order by disorder," whereby a high degeneracy among the ground states is lifted according to the differences in their associated spin-wave spectra.