00-63 Elliott H. Lieb, Jakob Yngvason
The Ground State Energy of a Dilute Two-dimensional Bose Gas (43K, Latex) Feb 6, 00
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Abstract. The ground state energy per particle of a dilute, homogeneous, two-dimensional Bose gas, in the thermodynamic limit is shown rigorously to be $E_0/N = (2\pi \hbar^2\rho /m){|\ln (\rho a^2)|^{-1}}$, to leading order, with a relative error at most ${\rm O} \left(|\ln (\rho a^2)|^{-1/5}\right)$. Here $N$ is the number of particles, $\rho =N/V$ is the particle density and $a$ is the scattering length of the two-body potential. We assume that the two-body potential is short range and nonnegative. The amusing feature of this result is that, in contrast to the three-dimensional case, the energy, $E_0$ is not simply $N(N-1)/2$ times the energy of two particles in a large box of volume (area, really) $V$. It is much larger.

Files: 00-63.src( 00-63.keywords , bose2d_0402.tex )