Steve Clark, Fritz Gesztesy, Helge Holden, and Boris M. Levitan
Borg-Type Theorems for Matrix-Valued Schr\"{o}dinger Operators
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ABSTRACT. A Borg-type uniqueness theorem for matrix-valued Schr\"odinger operators is proved. More precisely, assuming a reflectionless potential matrix and spectrum
a half-line $[0,\infty)$, we derive triviality of the potential matrix. Our approach is based on trace formulas and matrix-valued Herglotz representation theorems. As a by-product of our techniques, we obtain an extension of Borg's classical result from the class of periodic scalar potentials to the class of reflectionless matrix-valued potentials.