Gregory L. Eyink and Jack Xin
Existence and Uniqueness of $L^2$-Solutions at Zero-Diffusivity
in the Kraichnan Model of a Passive Scalar
(95K, LaTeX)
ABSTRACT. We study Kraichnan's model of a turbulent scalar, passively advected by
a Gaussian random velocity field delta-correlated in time, for every
space dimension $d\geq 2$ and eddy-diffusivity (Richardson) exponent
$0<\zeta<2$. We prove that at zero molecular diffusivity, or
$\kappa = 0$, there exist unique weak solutions in
$L^2\left(\Omega^{\otimes N}\right)$ to the singular-elliptic, linear
PDE's for the stationary $N$-point statistical correlation functions,
when the scalar field is confined to a bounded domain $\Omega$ with
Dirichlet b.c. Under those conditions we prove that the $N$-body
elliptic operators in the $L^2$ spaces have purely discrete, positive
spectrum and a minimum eigenvalue of order $L^{-\gamma}$, with $\gamma
=2-\zeta$ and with $L$ the diameter of $\Omega$. We also prove that the
weak $L^2$-limits of the stationary solutions for positive, $p$th-order
hyperdiffusivities $\kappa_p>0$, $p\geq 1$, exist when $\kappa_p
\rightarrow 0$ and coincide with the unique zero-diffusivity solutions.
These results follow from a lower estimate on the minimum eigenvalue of
the $N$-particle eddy-diffusivity matrix, which is conjectured for
general $N$ and proved in detail for $N=2,3,4$. Some additional issues
are discussed: (1) H\"{o}lder regularity of the solutions; (2) the
reconstruction of an invariant probability measure on scalar fields
from the set of $N$-point correlation functions, and (3) time-dependent
weak solutions to the PDE's for $N$-point correlation functions with
$L^2$ initial data.