Marzieh Baradaran, Pavel Exner, Jiri Lipovsky
Magnetic ring chains with vertex coupling of a preferred orientation
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ABSTRACT. We discuss spectral properties of an periodic quantum graph consisting of an array of rings coupled either tightly or loosely through connecting links, assuming that the vertex coupling is manifestly non-invariant with respect to the time reversal and a homogeneous magnetic field perpendicular to the graph plane is present. It is shown that the vertex parity determines the spectral behavior at high energies and the Band-Berkolaiko universality holds whenever the edges are incommensurate. The magnetic field influences the probability that an energy belongs to the spectrum in the tight-chain case, and also it can turn some spectral bands into infinitely degenerate eigenvalues.