J.-B. Bru and W. de Siqueira Pedra
EFFECT OF A LOCALLY REPULSIVE INTERACTION ON S-WAVE SUPERCONDUCTORS
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ABSTRACT. The thermodynamic impact of the Coulomb repulsion on s-wave superconductors is analyzed via a rigorous study of equilibrium and ground states of the strong coupling BCS-Hubbard Hamiltonian. We show that the one{site electron repulsion can favor superconductivity at fixed chemical potential by increasing the critical temperature and/or the Cooper pair condensate density. If the one-site repulsion is not too large, a first or a second order superconducting phase transition can
appear at low temperatures. The Meissner effect is shown to be rather generic but coexistence of superconducting and ferromagnetic phases is also shown to be feasible, for instance near half-filling and
at strong repulsion. Our proof of a superconductor-Mott insulator phase transition implies a rigorous explanation of the necessity of doping insulators to create superconductors. These mathematical results
are consequences of "quantum large deviation" arguments combined with an adaptation of the proof of Stormer's theorem to even states on the CAR algebra.