Marek Biskup, Lincoln Chayes, Nicholas Crawford
Mean-field driven first-order phase transitions in systems with long-range interactions
(212K, ZIP)
ABSTRACT. We consider a class of spin systems on $\Z^d$ with vector valued spins $(S_x)$ that interact via the pair-potentials $J_{x,y}S_x\cdot S_y$. The interactions are generally spread-out in the sense that the $J_{x,y}$'s exhibit either exponential or power-law fall-off. Under the technical condition of reflection positivity and for sufficiently spread out interactions, we prove that the model exhibits a first-order phase transition whenever the associated mean-field theory signals such a transition. As a consequence, e.g., in dimensions $d\ge3$, we can finally provide examples of the 3-state Potts model with spread-out, exponentially decaying interactions, which undergoes a first-order phase transition as the temperature varies. Similar transitions are established in dimensions $d=1,2$ for power-law decaying interactions and in high dimensions for next-nearest neighbor couplings. In addition, we also investigate the limit of infinitely spread-out interactions. Specifically, we show that once the mean-field theory is in a unique "state," then in any sequence of translation-invariant Gibbs states various observables converge to their mean-field values and the states themselves converge to product measure.