96-47 Th. Gallay, G. Raugel
Stability of Travelling Waves for a Damped Hyperbolic Equation (151K, uuencoded compressed Postscript) Feb 22, 96
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Abstract. We consider a nonlinear damped hyperbolic equation in $\real^n$, $1 \le n \le 4$, depending on a positive parameter $\epsilon$. If we set $\epsilon=0$, this equation reduces to the well-known Kolmogorov-Petrovski-Piskunov equation. We remark that, after a change of variables, this hyperbolic equation has the same family of one-dimensional travelling waves as the KPP equation. Using various energy functionals, we show that, if $\epsilon >0$, these fronts are locally stable under perturbations in appropriate weighted Sobolev spaces. Moreover, the decay rate in time of the perturbed solutions towards the front of minimal speed $c=2$ is shown to be polynomial. In the one-dimensional case, if $\epsilon < 1/4$, we can apply a Maximum Principle for hyperbolic equations and prove a global stability result. We also prove that the decay rate of the perturbated solutions towards the fronts is polynomial, for all $c > 2$.

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