07-16 Paul Federbush
A random walk on the permutation group, some formal long-time asymptotic relations (27K, LaTeX) Jan 12, 07
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Abstract. We consider the group of permutations of the vertices of a lattice. A random walk is generated by unit steps that each interchange two nearest neighbor vertices of the lattice. We study the heat equation on the permutation group, using the Laplacian associated to the random walk. At t=0 we take as initial conditions a probability distribution concentrated at the identity. A natural conjecture for the probability distribution at long times is that it is 'approximately' a product of Gaussian distributions for each vertex. That is, each vertex diffuses independently of the others. We obtain some formal asymptotic results in this direction. The problem arises in certain ways of treating the Heisenberg model of ferromagnetism in statistical mechanics.

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